Let us say that a vehicle strikes your car from behind at low speed as you sit at a light. You appear to have no injuries other than frazzled nerves.

Fortunately, you see a doctor promptly, and much to your astonishment, tests indicate mild brain trauma. How could this have happened?

Two forms of TBI

Data compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that car crashes and falls are responsible for most of the traumatic brain injuries reported in our country. The numbers break down to about 286,000 such injuries resulting from vehicle crashes annually. Actually, there are two forms of TBI. An open injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and enters your brain. A closed injury is much more common in auto crashes; you might hit your head against the steering wheel or dashboard, for example. However, in a closed injury, where the impact of the crash causes your head to jerk violently, your brain might move forward to connect with the inside of your skull, resulting in bruising or bleeding.

Delayed symptoms

Except for the aforementioned frazzled nerves, you may feel fine when you arrive at the doctor’s office. However, in a day or two, you might begin to have headaches or episodes of dizziness or drowsiness. You might develop a sensitivity to light or noise. You might also notice mood swings, feelings of anxiety or problems trying to concentrate.

Future effects

A traumatic brain injury, however mild, can have lasting effects, especially in terms of memory issues and the ability to think clearly. However, your willingness to seek prompt medical attention is important. It can be critical not only for your long-term health but also for the medical report that could provide the evidence needed when it is time to file a claim for the compensation you deserve as the victim of a crash.